This paper is the second part of a two part paper that reports on the improvement of efficiency of a one and a half stage high work axial flow turbine. The first part covered the design of the endwall profiling, as well as a comparison with steady probe data; this part covers the analysis of the time-resolved flow physics. The focus is on the time-resolved flow physics that leads to a total-to-total stage efficiency improvement of 1.0%±0.4%. The investigated geometry is a model of a high work , axial shroudless HP turbine. The time-resolved measurements have been acquired upstream and downstream of the rotor using a fast response aerodynamic probe (FRAP). This paper contains a detailed analysis of the secondary flow field that is changed between the axisymmetric and the nonaxisymmetric endwall profiling cases. The flowfield at the exit of the first stator is improved considerably due to the nonaxisymmetric endwall profiling and results in reduced secondary flow and a reduction in loss at both hub and tip, as well as a reduced trailing shed vorticity. The rotor has reduced losses and a reduction in secondary flows mainly at the hub. At the rotor exit, the flow field with nonaxisymmetric endwalls is more homogenous due to the reduction in secondary flows in the two rows upstream of the measurement plane. This confirms that nonaxisymmetric endwall profiling is an effective tool for reducing secondary losses in axial turbines. Using a frozen flow assumption, the time-resolved data are used to estimate the axial velocity gradients, which are then used to evaluate the streamwise vorticity and dissipation. The nonaxisymmetric endwall profiling of the first nozzle guide vane show reductions in dissipation and streamwise vorticity due to the reduced trailing shed vorticity. This smaller vorticity explains the reduction in loss at midspan, which is shown in the first part of the two part paper. This leads to the conclusion that nonaxisymmetric endwall profiling also has the potential of reducing trailing shed vorticity.
Improving Efficiency of a High Work Turbine Using Nonaxisymmetric Endwalls—Part II: Time-Resolved Flow Physics
Schüpbach, P., Abhari, R. S., Rose, M. G., Germain, T., Raab, I., and Gier, J. (January 12, 2010). "Improving Efficiency of a High Work Turbine Using Nonaxisymmetric Endwalls—Part II: Time-Resolved Flow Physics." ASME. J. Turbomach. April 2010; 132(2): 021008. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3103926
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